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ACANTHOLIMON - (Plumbaginaceae) Acantholimons, or prickly thrifts, form dense cushions of spiny sharp-tipped leaves and attractive bloom stalks with lovely pink or white flowers followed by attractive everlasting bracts. All are very heat and drought tolerant once established.
A. armenum - Cushions of attractive silver foliage adorned with 8" spikes of pink flowers followed by attractive silver papery bracts.  W. Asia 6" (10") x 12".  Sun, Xeric  $code A* (Photo)   
A. caesareum - Compact glaucous-green cushions and large rose-red flowers on almost stemless flowering stems. Turkey  3"(4") x 8"  Sun, Xeric  $code A* (Photo)
A. hohenackeri - Spiny cushions of blue-gray with pinkish purple 10" flower spikes. Caucasus, Iran 6" (16") x 24". Sun, Xeric $code A* (Photo)
A. venustum - Very attractive spiny silver-gray cushions and short spikes of large, dark pink flowers with unusual yellow-brown calyx.  Outstanding!  Asia Minor  6”(10”) x 12” Sun $code A* (Photo)

AETHIONEMA – (Brassicaceae)  A very useful group of Mediterranean plants particularly well suited for sunny walls and crevices.  Most have glaucous foliage and racemes of pink flowers.
A. subulatum  An attractive species forming tidy mounds of blue-green foliage covered with nice pink flowers in spring.  Turkey  2"(4') x 8"  Sun  $code A* (Photo)

ALLIUM - (Amaryllidaceae) A very large genus containing a wide variety of plants including the onion, garlic, chives, scallion, shallot and the leek. A vast majority of the species occur in temperate climates in the northern hemisphere and all produce flowers in the form of an umbel on top of a leafless stalk. With so many species to choose from, there is an Allium to suite every situation and flowering season.
A. cyaneum - NEW A delightful miniature forming tidy clumps of grassy foliage and nice cobalt-blue flowers in mid to late summer. China 5" x 4" Sun, Part Shade $code A (Photo)
A. senescens glaucum  - A very nice dwarf form with swirling silver-gray foliage and short stems of light pink flowers.  Europe to Siberia  2”(5”) x 5”  Sun, Part Shade  $code A (Photo)


ALOINANTHUS - (Aizoaceae)  This newly created 'Genus' contains complex hybrids between the South African species of Aloinopsis and Nananthus and have been selected for their unique flower colors.  They are not reliably hardy here in zone 5 but will survive some winters in warmer microclimates.  They are best planted among rocks with a southern exposure.

A. x ‘Morning Sky’ -  A selection with flowers that open yellow and then age to dark orange with a blue-pink wash at the tip of each petal.  2” x 4”  Sun, Xeric  $code A* (Photo) 

A. x ‘Last Light’  -  Yet another selection with flowers that are dark red-orange with an electric blue-pink wash in the center of the flower and at the tip of each petal.  2” x 4”  Sun, Xeric  $code A* (Photo)

A. x ‘Opera Mauve’  -   This selection sports attractive opera mauve (yes this is a real color) flowers that do not change color as they age.  A very good performer!  2” x 4”  Sun  $code A* (Photo)

A. x 'Peachy Keen' - A very floriferous hybrid with light peach colored flowers that turn a little darker as they age.  2" x 4"  Sun  $code A* (Photo) 

A. x ’Sunscapes Pink’ - A selection with glowing, deep pink flowers.  2” x 4”  Sun  $code A* (Photo)

A. x ’Yellow Eye’ - Pink with shades of electric blue and orange and a light yellow center.  2” x 4”  Sun, Xeric  $code A* (Photo)


ALOINOPSIS - (Aizoaceae)  An outstanding  group of succulent plants from South Africa.  All form caespitose clumps of thick succulent leaves and produce spectacular floral displays from yellow to various shades of red and magenta.  The rosettes of leaves sit atop a large carrot-like root that must be protected from excessive moisture.  This can often be accomplished by planting in rock crevices or walls.  These plants are not reliably hardy in zone 5 but will survive some winters in warm microclimates.

A. 'Orange Rush' - NEW Similar in color to Aloinopsis x 'Thai Dyed' but a more intense shade of orange. 1" x 4" $code A* (Photo)


ALYSSUM - (Brassicaceae)  A large group of cruciferous plants native to Europe and Asia with the largest number in Turkey.  Generally of easy culture with attractive gray-pubescent foliage and magnificent displays of yellow flowers.

A. caespitosum  RENEW   Small caespitose mats of tiny silver foliage covered with small yellow flowers in early spring.  This Turkish native is an excellent addition to the trough garden or other small scale plantings.  1” x 4”  Sun  $ code A*  (Photo)


AMSONIA - (Apocynaceae) A small group of perennial herbs native to North America and Eastern Asia.  The tall stems are covered with attractive narrow foliage and clusters of star-shaped flowers are produced at the apex of each stem.  Most are quite drought tolerant and of easy culture.  

A. jonesii (Colorado Desert Blue Star)  -  This widely adaptable western native will thrive in ordinary garden conditions or the xeriscape.  Sapphire blue stars from April to early summer.  Autumn foliage is a beautiful clear yellow.  A Plant Select® Recommendation for 2011  15” x 15”  Sun, Xeric  $code A (Photo)

A. peeblesii -  Numerous stems of narrow green leaves and apical clusters of blue buds that open into attractive white flowers.  Coconino Co., AZ  12" x 10"  Sun  $code A (Photo)


ANTENNARIA aromatica - (Asteraceae) NEW One of the best species in the genus, forming attractive spreading cushions of felted, whitish-green, aromatic rosettes and small, white flower buttons. Found on steep, west-facing granite screes. Carbon Co., MT  1.5"(2") x6"  Sun  $code A* (Photo)


ARABIS lemmonii - (Brassicaceae) NEW Attractive short sprays of pink flowers arise over rosettes of thin, silver, spatulate leaves. Found growing on steep, south-facing granite screes. Park Co., WY 2"(3") x 5" Sun $code A (Photo)


ARENARIA  -  (Caryophyllaceae)  Often referred to as ’Sandworts’,  this genus contains numerous dwarf, drought tolerant species that form attractive buns or mats of spiny congested foliage.  Most are small and are best suited to troughs or small rock gardens.

A. glanduligera - NEW Attractive cushions of hairy, gray-green foliage and big solitary rose-purple flowers. Langtang, Nepal 2"(3") x 4"  Part Shade, Alpine $code A* (Photo)

A. hookeri v. desertorum  -  Forms extremely tight low buns of very small green needle-like foliage. The buns are covered with short stems of small white flowers in early summer. Well suited for a small rock garden or sunny trough. Uintah Co., UT   1”(2”) x 4” Sun, Trough  $code A (Photo)


ARCTOTIS adpressa - (Asteraceae)  Rosettes of succulent, iridescent silver foliage adorned in early spring with 3” white daisies with peach and maroon reverses.  This gem thrives in ordinary garden conditions and forms spectacular 12” to 15” mats.  A beautiful foliage plant when not in flower.  Very hardy!  South Africa  2”(5”) x 12”   Sun, Not too hot and dry   $code A (Photo)


ASTRAGALUS - (Fabaceae)  This genus has some of the showiest flowers in the pea family, combined with attractive foliage cushions and interesting seed pods.  Most are very tough and can withstand poor soil, full sun and xeric conditions.

A. angustifolius  -  An outstanding  species that forms impressive compact mounds of silver-gray pinnate foliage covered with white flowers in late spring.  Easily grown   Romania  6” x 12”  Sun, Xeric  $code A* (Photo)

A. detritalis -  One of the best!  Attractive tufts of linear, silver leaves topped with racemes of bright magenta flowers.  A native from the prairies and foothills of western Utah.  2”(3”) x 4”  Sun, Xeric  $code A (Photo)

A. iodanthus - RENEW  Green pinnate foliage and heads of dark violet flowers with a white patch on the banner.  Eureka Co. NV.  Sun, Xeric  $code A* (Photo)

A. mollissimus v. thompsonii - Very attractive clumps of long silver pinnate foliage and short stalks of purple flowers.  The flowers are followed by white fuzzy seed pods. San Juan Co., UT  3”(7”) x 9”  Sun, Xeric  $code A (Photo)

A. purshii  - A beautiful Utah native which forms compact tufts of silvery-green foliage and 1” pink-purple flowers.  The flowers are followed by decorative white fuzzy seed pods.  2” x 4”  Sun, Xeric  $code A* (Photo)

A. sp. 'San Felipe'- A gorgeous species found growing near the San Felipe Indian Pueblo south of  Santa Fe, NM.  The large pads of attractive silver foliage are covered with large dark pink flowers in early spring.  Outstanding!  4" x 10"  Sun, Xeric  $code A (Photo) 

A. uncialis -  RENEW  One of the tiniest species, forming silvery-gray tufts that bear relatively large pink-purple to violet flowers followed by flattened seed pods with horns.  Great Basin  1”x 3”  Sun, Xeric  $code A* (Photo

A. utahensis - A very distinctive Astragalus with light gray pubescent leaves and large luminescent pink flowers.  2” x 6”  Sun, Xeric  $code A*  (Photo)

A. whitneyi v. confusus - NEW Stiff, upright tufts of silver-green pinnate foliage produce pale pinkish-lavender flowers followed by attractive clusters of mottled seed pods. Blaine Co., ID Sun, Xeric 4" x 10" $code A* (Photo)


BERGERANTHUS  -  (Aizoaceae)  A small genus of succulent plants native to South Africa.  A number of the species grow at high elevation and have proven to be quite cold hardy.

B. jamesii -  A very hardy South African succulent with attractive dark green clumps of three-sided leaves and large yellow flowers with many narrow petals. 
 2” x 5”  Sun, Xeric  $code  A  (Photo)


BOLANTHUS thymoides - (Caryophyllaceae) NEW Dense cushions of spiny foliage and short stems of pale-pink flowers. Found growing on dry, stony slopes.  Salda Lake, Turkey 1"(1.5") x 8"  Sun  $code A (Photo)

BUKINICZIA cabulica - (Plumbaginaceae)  Blue-green rosettes with unusual mottled leaves.  Outstanding foliage plant with pink flowers the second year.  Reseeds nicely.  Pakistan  1"(6") x 6"  Sun, Biennial   $code A (Photo) 





CALANDRINIA  -  (Portulacaceae)  A large genus of annual and perennial herbs mostly native to western North and South America.  The stems and/or  foliage are succulent and the very brightly colored short-lived flowers are produce in continuing succession over the flowering season.            

C. umbellata  -  Stunning neon-magenta flowers on linear, slightly hairy foliage.  Peru  3"(6") x 6"  Sun  $code A (Photo)


CALYLOPHUS serrulatus - (Onagraceae)  From the Evening Primrose family, this day bloomer forms tufts of  gray-green foliage on a miniature shrub with yellow tubular flowers all summer.  6" x  8"  Sun, Xeric  $code A (Photo)  


CAMPANULA - (Campanulaceae) The bellflowers are numerous and varied, providing species for a variety of settings and exposures. Some of the species are particularly useful as wall plants and will flourish in the tiniest crevice. They are generally easy to cultivate and will provide good color throughout the growing season.

C. barbata - NEW Small, basal, gray-green rosettes produce tall racemes of nodding, campanulate, blue flowers that are hairy inside. Central Europe Sun, Part Shade $code A (Photo)  

C. bornmuelleri  -  RENEW Cushions of light green, serrated foliage and nice purple-blue flowers on 2-3" stems.. Artos Dag, Turkey  2”(4”) x 4”  Sun, Part Shade  $code A (Photo

C. choruhensis - An outstanding dwarf Turkish Campanula, forming small clumps of green topped in summer with pink-tinged flower buds that open into huge white starfish flowers. Outstanding!  2”(3”) x 4”  Sun  $code A*  (Photo)  
C. incurva - A spectacular monocarp from northern Greece forming large mounds of pubescent, gray-green, serrated  leaves and large upward-facing white to light purple bells.  Adaptable to a variety of habitats.  3” (8”) x 8”  Sun, Part Shade  $code A  (Photo)

C. topaliana - A ground hugging mat of pubescent, gray-green leaves studded with light blue flowers from early summer to frost. Makes a spectacular wall plant with stems clasping the rocks like a giant spider.  2” x 8”  Sun, Crevice/Wall  $code A  (Photo)
C. trogerae -  One of the best! Nice clumps of gray-green leaves and beautiful 2"-3" white flowers with exerted pistils.  Turkey  3"(4") x 6"  Sun, Part Shade $code A*  (Photo)

CASTILLEJA  - (Scrophulariaceae)  A large group of perennial herbs found mostly in North and South America.  Most species seem to form a symbiotic relationship with other plants and, therefore, they should be planted with other natives.  Native grasses, Penstemons and Artemisias (particularly A. frigida) have proven successful.

C. integra  - A very common species along the front range of Colorado and one of the most attractive.  Nice clumps of gray-green foliage and short spikes of brilliant scarlet to orange flowers.  4”(8”) x 4”  Sun  $code A* (Photo)

C. scabrida -  Dwarf clumps of gray-green, incised foliage and spectacular spikes of crimson flowers.  San Miguel Co., CO  2"(4") x 4"  Sun  $code A* (Photo) 

C. sessiliflora - Olive-green foliage with spikes of attractive tricolor flowers of pink, cream and green. This dry prairie ‘Paint Brush’ does well in pot culture and seems to be less dependent on host plants. Unusual.  Pueblo Co., CO  5"(8") x 8"  Sun, Xeric, Trough  $code A* (Photo)

CERCOCARPUS - (Rosaceae) The ‘Mountain Mahoganies’ are evergreen shrubs that grow throughout the Rocky Mountain West, often found on open, rocky slopes. In summer, insignificant flowers appear, followed by feathery tailed seeds. Very hardy and useful structure plants for the garden.
C. intricatus (Little Leaf Mountain Mahogany) - Dense erect evergreen shrub with small dark-green linear leaves and contrasting gray stems. Makes a very striking vertical structure element in the xeric garden.  A Plant Select® Recommendation for 2009.   8' x 4'  Sun, Xeric  $code A  (Photo)

(Ranunculaceae)  This large group of vines and shrubby plants is found growing in temperate regions throughout the world and has been frequently hybridized to produce a variety of brightly colored cultivars.  The shrubby non-vining species and cultivars are good choices for the rockery or rock garden.
C. fruticosa 'Mongolian Gold'
-  This unique species is an erect, woody shrub that is covered with yellow flowers in summer followed with attractive seed heads in late summer and fall.  Originally collected by the Great Plants™ group in Northern Inner Mongolia.  A 1999 Great Plants® selection.  36" x 36"  Sun  $ code A* (Photo)

C. integrifolia 'Psarlan' (MONGOLIAN BELLS® Clematis) -  This compact, almost ground-covering race of Clematis integrifolia blooms from spring to fall, with nodding, leathery four-parted flowers in blue, lavender, pink and pure white. It appears to have greater drought tolerance than typical clematis. A Plant Select® Introduction for 2008.  12” x 14’  Sun, Part Shade  $code A* (Photo)

C. scottii (SCOTT’S SUGARBOWLS) -  Mounds of blue-green, lacy foliage topped with large, nodding blue flowers in late spring and early summer.  Shimmering golden seed heads follow suit.  A Plant Select® Petites Recommendation for 2013.  6”(12”) x 15”  Sun  $code A* (Photo)


CONVOLVULUS - (Convolvulaceae)  A genus containing some of the most coveted as well as some of the most hated plants (bindweed) in the garden. Fortunately, we offer only the former - tight mats of  non-invasive foliage and attractive flowers.
C. compactus -  Congested mats of shimmering silver foliage and sessile white flowers. Superb!  Turkey  2” x  8”   Sun   $code A* (Photo) 


CORONILLA orientalis - (Fabaceae) NEW Scapes of attractive yellow flowers on substantial cushions of glaucus leaves. Bayburt, Turkey 12" x 12" Sun $code A* (Picture)

CORYPHANTHA - (Cactaceae)  A large genus of small, ball-shaped cacti found growing from British Columbia and southern Canada, throughout the United States and into southern Mexico.  They generally have attractive spination and often large showy flowers.  A number of species, including those listed below, have demonstrated excellent cold tolerance and make excellent rock garden subjects as well as useful trough plants.
C. echinus -
A exciting new addition from west Texas!  Forms mostly solitary stems 3”- 4” in diameter covered with thick white spines.  Produces large yellow flowers with a red center.  4” x 3”  Sun, Xeric  $code A* (Photo)

C. hesteri - A small clump-forming species with attractive red and brown spines and showy light purple flowers.  Texas  2" x 2"  Sun, Xeric  $code A* (Photo)

(Boraginaceae)  A genus of plants well represented in western North America and generally found growing in harsh, dry situations.  They are challenge to cultivate in the garden, requiring xeric conditions and  strong light.  The smaller species have proven to make good trough specimens.

C. humilis v. nana - Compact buns of silver-gray, tomentose foliage covered with very attractive, nearly caespitose, white flowers with bright yellow centers in early spring.  An excellent trough specimen.  Montrose Co., CO  2" x 4"  Sun, Xeric, Trough  $code A* (Photo)

C. paradoxa - One of the best small species in the genus.  The tufts of green, spatulate leaves produce masses of white, yellow-throated, waxy flowers that are intensely fragrant.  Montrose Co., CO  2”(3”) x 4”  Sun, Xeric  $code A* (Photo)     

(Thymeliaceae)  A genus of evergreen flowering shrubs that contains some of the most desirable plants for the rock garden.  They are notoriously difficult to produce and do not thrive in pots.  Small plants transplant more reliably, so purchasing more expensive large plants is usually a mistake.  Always plant in well drained soil in full to part shade.  Once established, they are quite drought tolerant so do not over water.  All of our plants have been grown using the biological fungicide Rootshield to help protect the roots from fungal attack.
D. arbuscula ‘Muran Pinnacle’ -  A great miniature form of the species with dark green foliage and dark pink flowers.  4” x 6”  Sun, Part Shade, Trough  $code A** (Photo)
D. jasminea -  A species native to Greece, this Delphi form produces a tightly packed, well branched shrub with small bluish-green leaves.  Terminal pairs of white flowers emerge from rosy-purple buds in mid-June and a succession of axillary flowering continues into fall.  4” x 10”  Sun, Part Shade  $code A** (Photo)
D. juliae  - A fantastic species forming mounds of numerous thin stems of dark green foliage and covered in spring with strongly scented, bright pink flowers.  Russia  6” x 12”  Sun, Part Shade  $code A** (Photo)
D. x ‘Maisy Larae’ -  This hybrid (D. circassica x D. arbuscula) comes through Rick Lupp at Mt. Tahoma Nursery.  This cultivar forms small compact domes of  narrow, dark green foliage and produces large, fragrant, rosy-purple flowers.  6” x 10”  Sun, Part Shade  $code A** (Photo)
D. x napolitana ‘Bramdean’ -  This cross (D. collina of gardens x D. cneorum v. pygmaea) forms a low, evergreen mound of light green, glossy leaves adorned with terminal clusters of rose-pink fragrant flowers.  8” x 12”  Sun, Part Shade  $code A** (Photo)
D. x schlyteri 'Money-Coutts' (formerly D. x cneorum f. verlotii x arbuscula)  -  One of the most reliable dwarf cultivars originally grown by Money-Coutts Nursery.  This outstanding cultivar forms dense mounds of narrow, dark green foliage and deep pink-purple flowers produced  in spring and again in fall.  A real winner!  6” x 12”  Sun, Part Shade  $code A** (Photo)  
D. x susannae 'Anton Fahndrich' - This outstanding compact selection forms dense mounds of dark evergreen foliage covered with fragrant lavender-pink flowers in spring or early summer.  Turkey  12” x 24”  Sun, Part Shade  $code A** (Photo)
D. x susannae 'Lawrence Crocker'  - One of the best and easiest of the small hybrids.  A cross between  D. arbuscula and D. collina, forming a dense mound of evergreen foliage covered in spring with fragrant lavender-pink flowers.  Sporadic flowering continues throughout summer into fall.  12” x 24”  Sun, Part Shade  $code A** (Photo)
D. x susannae ‘Tichborne’ -  The most compact of the x susannae hybrids forming tight domes of matt green leaves that are covered in spring with fragrant, pale,rosy-purple flowers.  12” x 24”  Sun, Part Shade  $code A** (Photo)

- (Aizoaceae) A large genus of succulent plants native to South Africa. Most are not winter-hardy but there are high altitude species that will thrive in cold climates. A number of these species have been introduced into cultivation by our good friend Panayoti Kelaidis of the Denver Botanic Gardens. They all have beautiful flowers and interesting succulent foliage.
D. 'Blut'  -  A superb new ice plant originally discovered by Nurseryman Kelly Grummons, owner of Timberline Nursery in Arvada, CO.  The mat of deep green evergreen foliage is covered with magenta-red flowers in spring and sporadically throughout the season.  2" x 36"  Sun  $code A  (Photo)
D. carterae 'Carlile Pink' -  A cute little species with light green succulent foliage and delicate light pink flowers with dark pink centers. This plant appeared in the garden and it’s origin is unknown. Very hardy. 1" x 5" Sun  $code A  (Photo)
D. cooperi ‘Select Dwarf’ - A smaller version of the common D. cooperi but this one seems to be one zone hardier. This cultivar has proven to be one of the best spreaders, covering large areas over time, and the foliage remains attractive throughout the winter. 1"(2") x 36"  Sun  $code A  (Photo)
D. dyeri 'Psdold' (RED MOUNTAIN® Ice Plant) -  A new hardy ice plant from the mountains of South Africa. The congested mats of dark green foliage are studded with spectacular dark orange-red flowers from spring to fall. More drought and heat tolerant than many of the alpine ice plants. A Plant Select® Introduction for 2007.  1" x 8"  Sun  $code A* (Photo)

D. 'P001S' (FIRE SPINNER® Ice Plant) -
 This new introduction forms fast spreading carpets of green-apple foliage that keeps its shiny presence through winter.  The flowers are massed in spring, but reappear periodically through summer.  The purple and orange flowers represent a dramatic color breakthrough for the hardy ice plants.  A Plant Select® Introduction for 2012.  2" x 18"  Sun, Part Shade  $code A* (Photo)
D. 'Psfav' (Lavender Ice Ice Plant) -  We are proud to offer this exciting new ice plant selection that was discovered by our good friends at Perennial Favorites Nursery. Similar in foliage and habit to D. Table Mountain® but with stunning lavender flowers. To date it has demonstrated excellent cold and drought tolerance. A real winner! A Plant Select® Introduction for 2009.  2” x 36” Sun $code A*  (Photo)
D. sp. ‘Lesotho Pink’ -  An exciting new introduction first offered by High Country Gardens. Forms very compact mats of dark green, evergreen foliage covered from early to mid spring with large, deep pink flowers. Excellent cold hardiness.  Lesotho  1” x 18”  Sun, Part Shade  $code A*  (Photo)
D. 'John Proffitt' (TABLE MOUNTAIN® Ice Plant) - This ice plant is destined to become one of the greats! An outstanding ground cover with dark green wedge-shaped leaves that are covered throughout the growing season with lustrous, fuchsia flowers. Hardier than D. cooperi, the leaves remain turgid and green, often tinged with purple, throughout the winter. Don’t be without this one! A Plant Select® Introduction for 2002.  2” x 36”  Sun  $code A*  (Photo)

DIANTHUS - (Caryophyllaceae) An indispensable group of plants that are easily grown and provide outstanding color and texture in the garden. There are all sizes and shapes but we are particularly fond of the smaller bun-forming species that fit well into the smaller rock garden or trough. No garden should be without them!

 D. brevicaulis  - RENEW One of the best Turkish species with small tight buns of gray-green leaves and large pink flowers  1”(2”) x 2”  Sun  $code A (Photo)

 D. x ’Sunscapes Pink ’ - After additional study and observation, we have come to the conclusion that what we have been offering as D. freynii is more likely a D. gratianopolitanus hybrid.  Although the name may have changed, the plant has not and it remains a stunner - mats of gray-green foliage and nice aromatic pink flowers in profusion. Easy and attractive.  3”(5”) x 12”  Sun  $code A  (Photo)

DIGITALIS – (Scrophulariaceae) A group of summer flowering perennial and biennial herbs native to Europe and northwest Africa to central Asia. Most have large penstemon-like flowers and are easily grown.
D. mariane - One of the best Digitalis for the rock garden! Nearly prostrate dark green rosettes arise from a perennial crown and produce strong 12” stems of glorious, large, reddish-purple flowers. Similar to D. purpurea but not as fussy.  3”(12”) x 10”  Sun, Part Shade  $code A  (Photo)
D. obscura (SUNSET® Foxglove) - A dwarf selection of this sub shrub, with evergreen, willow-like foliage set off by burnt sienna-colored trumpet shaped flowers. Attractive in and out of flower. A Plant Select® Recommendation for 2004.  10”(14”) x 15”  Sun, Part Shade  $code A* (Photo)

DRABA - (Brassicaceae) A large group of bun forming plants with yellow or white crucifer flowers. With a few exceptions, all are easy to grow. They are among the earliest to flower, marking the beginning of early spring activity in the garden.

D. imbricata  -  Buns of compact foliage adorned with scapes of bright yellow flowers. Caucasus  1”(2”) x 4”  Sun, Alpine  $code A*  (Photo)

D. parnassica - NEW Small cushions of attractive, hairy, green foliage and short stems of bright yellow flowers in early spring. A nice addition to a sunny trough.  Parnass Mtns., Greece  1"(2") x 3"  Sun, Part Shade $code A (Photo)

D. polytricha - Compact mounds of hairy, gray-green foliage adorned with short stems of bright yellow flowers in early spring.  2" x 4" Sun  $code A  (Photo)

D. rigida ssp. bryoides - One of the tightest buns in the genus with dark green incurved leaves and short stems of bright yellow flowers. Caucasus  2”(4”) x 4”  Sun, Part Shade  $code A  (Photo)


DRACOCEPHALUM botryoides - (Lamiaceae) NEW Loose cushions of attractive pinnate, felted, gray-green foliage adorned with nice lavender-pink flowers Caucases 2" x 6" Sun, Part Shade $code A (Photo)


EBRACTEOLA wilmaniae - (Aizoaceae)  An outstanding South African succulent forming compact highly branched rosettes of trigonus gray-green leaves.  The white to dark-pink flowers appear in early spring  and flowering continues sporadically throughout the growing season.  A slow growing mat will form with age.  This species has proven to be reliably winter hardy  for us.  North Cape Province, SA  2” x 4”  Sun  $code A*  (Photo)

- (Cactaceae) A large group of heavily-spined cacti often called ‘Hedgehog Cactus’. Within this genus are many of the most winter hardy cacti. Most have extremely large showy flowers that appear in early summer and all are easily grown if given full sun and well drained soil.

E. fendleri v. kuenzleri - Clusters of dark-green stems with areoles containing three to four stout radial spines and usually one central spine. The large magenta flowers appear in mid-summer and are followed by burgundy-red fruits.  5” x 3”  Sun, Xeric  $code A* (Photo)

E. reichenbachii v. albispinus - Clumping barrels covered with dense white spines adorned with pale pink flowers.  3" x 2"  Sun, Xeric  $code A*  (Photo)
E. reichenbachii v. caespitosus -
  Single, mushroom-shaped stems with chalky-white radial spines and no centrals.  The large flowers are light pink with a white center.  Easy to grow and very hardy.  Kimble Co., TX  5" x 3"  Sun, Xeric  $code A*  (Photo)

E. triglochidiatus v. gonacanthus -  Robust green stems with 5-8 ribs armed with heavy tan and gray-brown spines.  The stems offset forming a mound of branching stems 12"-18" in diameter in time.  Magnificent scarlet-red flowers with green stigmas erupt from the mounds in early summer.  Sun, Xeric  $code A* (Photo)
E. viridiflorus  -  Native to the prairies and foothills of southern Colorado, this small clumping cactus is as hardy as they get. Appressed white and red spines and aromatic greenish-yellow flowers in spring.  Very hardy.  2” x 2”  Sun, Xeric  $code A* (Photo)


ECHINACEA tennesseensis (Tennessee Purple Coneflower) - (Asteracea) NEW This American coneflower, once endangered in the wild, produces beautiful purple-pink flowers during the summer, always facing east so be sure to site properly.  A Plant Select® Recommendation for 2013. 7"(15") x 14" Sun, Part Shade $code A* (Photo)

ECHIUM amoenum (Red Feathers)- (Boraginaceae)  A compact, columnar borage from the Caucasus that looks for all purposes like a spring blooming Liatris that’s gone rusty. The dark reddish-brown flowers are attractive and the plant will re-bloom if deadheaded.  A Plant Select® Recommendation for 2010.  4”(10” ) x 4”  Sun   $code A*  (Photo)

EDRAIANTHUS - (Campanulaceae) A very useful and attractive group of Mediterranean plants with grass-like foliage and clusters of up-facing bell flowers. They thrive in sunny locations and are particularly effective in walls and crevices.

E. pumilio - Mounds of slender, rigid, blue-green leaves covered in spring with caespitose, upward facing, blue bell flowers. Very showy and particularly well suited for walls and crevices.  2" x 6”  Sun, Part Shade  $code A  (Photo)

E. tenuifolius - NEW Tufts of linear foliage and nice scapes of blue flowers on 2-3" stems. Prokletije Mtns., Albania 2"(4") x 4" Sun, Part Shade $code A (Photo)

E. wettsteinii - NEW Loose cushions of green, linear foliage and 3" scapes of attractive blue flowers. Prokletije Mtns., Albania Sun, Part Shade, $code A (Photo)

E. zogovicii - NEW Very similar to E. graminifolius forming green cushions of linear foliage and 2-4 blue flowers on short scapes. SE Europe Sun, Part Shade 2"(5") x 5" $code A (Photo)    

EPITHELANTHA micromeris - (Cactaceae) A very choice cactus with tiny appressed white spines covering the plant. Small salmon flowers emerge from the top of the plant in spring, followed by very decorative long, bright red fruits. From the northernmost population in New Mexico. Cannot reliably be wintered outside in Zone 5.  2” x 1”  Sun, Xeric  $code A* (Photo)


ENGELMANNIA peristenia (Englemann's Daisy) - (Asteracea) NEW An incredibly tough and adaptable perennial wildflower of the Southern Great Plains. Rosettes of crisp, ruffled gray foliage are adorned nearly all summer with stems of bright yellow daisies. A Plant Select® Recommendation for 2015. 24" x 14" Sun, Part Shade $code A* (Photo

ERIGERON - (Asteracea) A vast and variable race of composites many of which make good garden subjects. Most are easy to grow and can be used in a variety of garden situations from the open garden to walls and crevices.

E. compactus v. compactus  -  Compact cushions of tiny gray-green leaves and stems of attractive white flowers in spring.  One of the most compact Erigerons and an excellent trough plant.  1”(3”) x 4”  Sun, Trough  $code A (Photo)
E. compactus v. consimilis  Dense pulvinate cushions of short, linear, gray-green leaves and large white flowers that age to pale lavender.  A choice Great Basin native requiring excellent drainage and protection from excess winter moisture.  Outstanding!  2”(4”) x 6”  Sun, Xeric  $code A (Photo)
E. compositus ‘Red Desert’ - This very dwarf form was found growing in rock crevices near Baggs, Wyoming. Very condensed foliage and white flowers on short stems. Great for walls and crevices!  1”(2”) x 6”  Sun  $code A  (Photo)
E. scopulinis - Dense mats of small, shiny dark green leaves and cute little white flowers on 1/2" stems in spring. Good for troughs and between rocks. 1"(1.5") x 12"  Sun, Part Shade  $code A  (Photo)
E. uncialis - Minute tufts of linear-spatulate leaves adorned with cute white flowers.  An excellent plant for a sunny trough.  1”(1.5”) x 3”  Sun  $code A (Photo)


ERIOGONUM - (Polygonaceae) The ‘buckwheats’or ‘sulphur flowers’ are a dominant presence on the prairies and mountain screes of the West. They come in an amazing array of forms and colors, from tiny mat formers and mini-shrubs, to fantastic mounds of silver tomentose leaves that erupt into dense domes of ‘chicken wire’ covered with tiny flowers.

E. cespitosum -  A highly desirable species forming tight caespitose mats of gray-green tomentose leaves and short-stemmed pom-poms of white and pink flowers.  Requires xeric treatment.  1” x 5”  Sun, Xeric  $code A*  (Photo)

E. corymbosum v. orbiculatum -  A large shrubby species forming congested mounds of woody stems covered with attractive broadly ovate gray-green foliage.  The mounds are adorned in late summer and fall with compact, flat-topped corymbs of attractive white flowers.  Mokee Dugway, UT  30" x 30"  Sun, Xeric  $code A* (Photo)

E. corymbosum v. velutinum -  A large shrubby species forming loose mounds of woody stems with oblong greenish-gray foliage.  The mounds are covered in late summer and fall with loose corymbs of attractive white flowers.  Farmington, NM  30" x 30"  Sun, Xeric  $code A* (Photo)  

E. heracleoides v. leucophaeum - Attractive mats of  gray-green tomentose foliage producing tall stems of large compound-umbellate cream to ochroleucous infloresecenses without the distinctive whorl of leaf-like bracts at midlength. Gooding Co., ID 4”(10”) x 15”  Sun, Xeric  $code A (Photo)

E. pulchrum  -  A perfect tiny shrub with clouds of pure white, ivory or pink flowers in late summer and autumn.  5”(8”) x 8”  Sun, Xeric  $code A*  (Photo)
E. ovalifolium v. ovalifolium - NEW  Compact cushions of  tomentose silver-gray foliage and nice yellow capitate inflorescences. Gooding Co., ID  2"(6") x 6"  Sun, Xeric  $code A* (Photo)

E. ovalifolium v. focarium - NEW A rare and unique species found only growing in the fielsd of volcanic cinders at Craters-of-the Moon National Park, Idaho. Attractive mats of round, white tomentose foliage and stems of yellowish white flowers aging to pale pink.  2"(5") x 6"  Sun, Xeric  $code A* (Photo)

E. sphaerocephalum v. sphaerocephalum - Congested mats of gray-green, tomentose foliage covered with short stems of attractive bright yellow flowers from May-July.  Washoe Co., NV  2"(4") x 6"  Sun, Xeric $code A* (Photo) 

E. thymoides - An attractive subshrub with linear leaves with inrolled margins and short stems of capitate inflorescenses of white to pale yellow to yellow aging to pink and rose. Gooding Co., ID  3"(5") x 6"  Sun, Xeric  $code A* (Photo)
E. umbellatum v. aureum 'Psdowns' (KANNAH CREEK® Buckwheat) - An excellent garden plant that seems to be more moisture tolerant than most. The spreading green foliage changes to vivid purple-red in winter and masses of yellow flowers appear from May to July, turning orange as they age. Plant Select® Introduction for 2007. W. United States 8”(12”) x 20” Sun $code A* (Photo)
E. umbellatum v. porteri -  A marvelous alpine Eriogonum  forming a dense mat of  green leaves with white tomentose backs. The yellow capitate inflorescences rise above the mat on short stems in late summer. As the flowers age, they turn to shades of orange and red.  Beaver Co., UT  2”(4”) x 10”  Sun, Xeric  $code A*  (Photo)  


ERODIUM chrysanthum (Golden Storksbill) -  (Geraniaceae)   This Grecian gem forms extremely attractive mounds of silver, fern-like leaves and produces scapes of light yellow flowers in spring and sporadically throughout the summer.  The foliage alone makes this a must have! A Plant Select® Recommendation for 2011  6”(8”) x 15”  Sun  $code A (Photo)

  -  (Cactaceae)  A North American genus of solitary to clump-forming, globular cacti  with a number of reliably cold-hardy species.  The apical flowers appear in early summer.
E. orcuttii v. koenigii  -  A very attractive clump-forming species covered completely with short white spines.  Small salmon-pink flowers in early summer.  Very hardy.  4" x 6"  Sun, Xeric  $code A*  (Photo)
E. sneedii v. leeii  -  Small clumps with short white spines and small salmon-pink flowers in early summer.  Very hardy and one of the best species for trough culture.  2" x 4"  Sun, Xeric, Trough  $code A*  (Photo)
E. vivipara v. buoflama  -   Globes of densely interwoven white spines with dark brown tips. Attractive flowers that vary from yellow to peach to pink.  3” x 3”  Sun, Xeric  $code A*



- (Asteraceae) A very familiar group of composites found frequently in garden centers and , in colder climates, used as annuals. However, the species offered here are hardy South Africans that work well in perennial plantings and rock gardens.
G. krebsiana (TANAGER® Gazania) - Fluorescent orange daisies from earliest spring to late autumn create dazzling specimens ideal for mass displays. Glossy, dark green leaves develop a deep purple tinge in the winter months. Reseeds moderately in zone 5 and is hardy in protected microclimates. Native to South African and a Plant Select® Recommendation for 2003.  2”(4”) x 10”  Sun, Part Shade  $code A  (Photo)
G . linearis 'P004S' (COLORADO GOLD® Gazania) - Glossy mounds of deep green, strap-shaped leaves that are spangled with 3” shiny yellow flowers with patterned centers. Flowering is most prolific in spring and fall but continues throughout the growing season. This selection is reliably hardy in zones 4 - 8 (up to 9,000’). This plant was chosen as a Plant Select® Introduction for 1998.  4”(6”) x 10”  Sun, Part Shade  $code A  (Photo)

GERANIUM dalmaticum (Dalmatian Pink Cranesbill) - NEW A low-growing diminutive perennial with dainty cleft, aromatic glossy green leaves that turn red in the fall. The mats are covered with clear pink flowers from late spring to early summer. A Plant Select® Petites Recommendation for 2014. $" x 10" Sun, Part Shade $code A (Photo

GLAUCIUM - (Papaveraceae) Members of this Mediterranean genus are known as ‘horned poppies’ because of the horn-like seed pods that form after flowering. Most species have very attractive incised, tomentose, silver foliage and attractive flowers. Most are very drought tolerant.
G. acutidentatum -  An outstanding species that forms compact mounds of attractive , tomentose silver foliage and a profusion of deep orange flowers with black throats. The flowers are followed by the characteristic horn-like seed pods. Difficult to propagate, so seldom offered.  Can be easily deadheaded after flowering to control naturalization.  Turkey  10”(20”) x 20”  Sun, Xeric  $code A*  (Photo)

GRASSES (ORNAMENTAL) - There are many species of ornamental grass that are of great use in the garden and landscape, providing texture and structure in all seasons. Most of the species we list can be used effectively in the rockery. All will grow in average garden conditions.
Bouteloua gracilis 'Blonde Ambition' 'PP 22,048 -
An impressive, highly ornamental form of Western native grass with tall, upright stems.  Showy chartreuse, aging-to-blonde seed heads hold their straight shape and are displayed high above the foliage through winter, providing many months of color and texture.  Developed by High Country Gardens.  A Plant Select® Introduction for 2011.  30" x 30"  Sun, Partial Shade  $code A*  (Photo)
Calamagrostis brachytricha  (Korean Feather Reed Grass) -  A nice clump-forming grass with narrow arching foliage and very attractive straw colored seed heads.  This species flowers in early fall and will perform in slightly shaded exposures.  A Plant Select® Recommendation for 2009.  24"(36") x 15"  Sun, Part Shade  $code A (Photo)
Muhlenbergia reverchonii 'PUND01S' (UNDAUNTED® Ruby Muhly) Native to a small area in north Texas, this medium sized grass explodes into a profusion of tiny reddish-pink seed heads floating above thin, mid-green foliage.  Flowering in early fall, this grass is resistant to deer browsing.  A Plant Select® Recommendation for 2014.  30" x 20"  Sun  $code A*  (Photo)
Sporobolus wrightii (Giant Sacaton) -  A wonderful southwestern alternative to Pampas grass. This species develops into a fountain of luxuriant foliage that explodes with fine-textured seed heads in late summer.  A Plant Select® Recommendation for 2006.  6’ x 4’  Sun, Part Shade  $code A*  (Photo)

HEDYSARUM - (Fabaceae) This large genus of herbaceous plants or deciduous shrubs contains a number of very attractive species that make excellent rock garden subjects. The foliage consists of odd-pinnate leaves with entire leaflets resembling sweet peas.
H. erythroleucum - NEW Cushions of gray-green narrow pinnate foliage producing clusters of very attractive large dark pink flowers. Bolkar Dag, Turkey 3" x 8" Sun, Xeric $code A* (Photo)
H. huetii - A gorgeous pea from the dry slopes of Turkey that forms silver-gray cushions of pinnate foliage and clusters of large purple flowers.  Darende, Turkey  4" x 8"  Sun, Xeric  $code A* (Photo)

HESPERALOE parviflora (Red Yucca) - (Agavaceae) You will find this Agave relative in use extensively as a landscape plant in Phoenix, AZ and other mild climates, but it has proven perfectly hardy for us here in Colorado.  Absolutely no winter damage, so the plants develop into attractive specimens.  Produces tall spikes of beautiful coral-red flowers that last throughout the summer. A Plant Select® Recommendation for 201018”(36”) x 18”  Sun  $code A (Photo)

HETEROTHECA jonesii - (Asteraceae)  Flat mats of gray-green leaves studded with bright yellow daisies from spring to frost. Will grow in xeric conditions, but performs better if given some moisture and good drainage.  Southern UT  1” x 10”  Sun, Xeric  $code A*  (Photo)

HETEROTHECA jonesii x villosa 'Goldhill' (Goldhill Golden-Aster) - NEW Tufted grey "scatter rugs" of fuzzy foliage make dense mounds in a sunny garden. The mounds are clothed with cheerful yellow daisys from late winter to fall. This natural hybrid combines the dense habit of its rare parent H. jonesii with the vigor of the more common H. villosa. 'Goldhill' is apparently sterile so won't seed around like its common parent. Prefers well drained soli. A Plant Select® Petites Introduction for 2015 3" x 8" Sun $code A* (Photo)

HEUCHERA - (Saxifragaceae)  A large genus of perennial herbs mostly from western North America.  The rhizomatous roots are covered with attractive tufts of  rounded-cordate foliage and the flowers are born on tall, slender stems.  There are a multitude of fancy hybrids on the market today, but the natives are better suited for the rock garden.  Most are quite drought tolerant.
H. abramsii - NEW A choice dwarf Heuchera from the San Gabriel Mountains of California. Attractive clumps of glossy green foliage adorned with clouds of nice light pink flowers. (Photo)
H. pulchella (SANDIA CORALBELLS) -  Attractive mats of dark green foliage adorned with short spikes of pink to burgundy, hairy bells. A Plant Select® Petites Recommendation for 2013. Bernalillo Co., NM  3"(6") x 8"  Sun, Part Shade  $code A* (Photo)

HIERACIUM - (Asteraceae)  A mostly North American genus containing a large number of species with attractive rosettes and, in most cases, yellow flowers.  Commonly called 'hawkweeds', they are easily cultivated, thriving in sunny situations in poor soil.
H. tardans -  An outstanding species that forms tight mats of silver foliage with attractive yellow flowers on 3" stems.  This is an aggressive ground cover that will perform in a variety of situations and spreads by rooting new rosettes each year, not by seed. The size of the mat can be controlled, if desired, by trimming off the new rosettes from the perimeter before they root in mid summer.  Very much like a giant Antennaria.  Outstanding!  2"(5") x 36"  Sun, Part Shade  $code A (Photo)

HYMENOXYS - (Asteraceae)  A large genus of yellow-flowered composites found on the prairies and extending in range to the alpine tundra.  Most are too large and course for the rock garden but there are also some real gems that no garden should be without.
H. acaulis ssp caespitosa -  An outstanding dwarf alpine for the rock garden or trough!  Condensed buns of silver-tomentose leaves produce many short-stemmed yellow flowers in spring.  This plant comes from the alpine screes of Pikes Peak in Colorado.  2”(4”) x 4”  Sun, Alpine  $code A*  (Photo)
H. acaulis 'Las Vegas' - A dwarf form found near Las Vegas, NM with narrow silver foliage and yellow flowers on short stems.  San Miguel Co., NM  1"(2") x 3"  Sun, Xeric  $code A* (Photo)

INULA verbascifolia - (Asteraceae)  Mounds of beautiful gray tomentose leaves with nice, short-rayed yellow flowers in summer. Very effective when planted in hot, sunny rock garden settings or hardscape crevices.  4”(6”) x 10”  Sun  $code A (Photo)

IRIS hookeri (Dwarf Beach-head Iris) - (Iridaceae) NEW  Tidy clumps of attractive green foliage framing large, porcelain-blue flowers in late spring and early summer. One of North America's most beautiful native irises, and provides foliage and textural accent for small gardens. A Plant Select® Petites Recommendation for 2014. 4"(7") 7" Sun, Part Shade $code A* (Photo)

JOVIBARBA heuffelii - (Crassulaceae)  Very similar to Sempervivums but unique in that they do not produce offsets on stolons but rather increase by the existing rosettes dividing.  They form tight clusters of colorful, durable rosettes that will grow in brighter situations and seem to be less prone to browsing by wildlife. The rosettes retain their attractive colors throughout the seasons.
J. heuffelii 'Gold Bug' -  Attractive green rosettes that turn golden-green in early spring.  2" x 1.5"  Sun, Part Shade  $code A (Photo)

J. heuffelii 'Giuseppi Spiny'- NEW Brownish-red leaves with sharply pointed tips. Medium sizes rosettes 2" x 2" Sun, Part Shade $code A* (Photo)

J. heuffelii 'Hot Lips' -  Dark purplish-red leaves with green bases and silver edges.  2" x 2"  Sun, Part Shade  $code A  (Photo)

J. heuffelii 'Irene' - NEW Burgundy-red rosettes with light yellow-green at the base and on new leaves. 2" x 3" Sun, Part Shade $code A*(Photo)

J. heuffelii 'Mystique' - NEW Unusually short, wide, dark reddish-purple leaves forming medium sized rosettes. 2" x 3" Sun, Part Shade $code A* (Photo)

J. heuffelii 'Orion' -  Soft gray-green leaves with a silver edges.  2" x 2"  Sun, Part Shade  $code A (Photo)

J. heuffelii 'Sun Dancer' - NEW Pale yellowish-green rosettes with leaves tips painted reddish-purple. 2" x 3" Sun, Part Shade $code A (Photo)
J. heuffelii 'Sylvan Memory' -  Dark reddish-purple leaves with a silver edge.  2" x 2"  Sun, Part Shade  $code A (Photo)

J. heyffgelii 'Tan' - NEW Attractive bronze-red leaves with a touch of blue-green at the base. 2"x2" Sun, Part Shade $code A* (Photo)

LALLEMANTIA canescens - (Lamiaceae) A very attractive mint from Iran, producing spikes of large blue flowers with white stripes over mats of gray-green foliage. 3”(8”) x 8”  Sun  $code A  (Photo)

LESQUERELLA – (Brassicaceae) The members of this genus, often referred to as ‘bladder-pods’, form inflated, silvery-pubescent seed pods after flowering.  All flower early in spring when very little else is in flower.
L. arizonica - Very tight gray mats covered with yellow blossoms in early spring.  Coconino Co., AZ  2”(3") x 6"  Sun, Xeric  $code A  (Photo)

L. sp. 'Penrose' - Similar to L. arizonica but larger in foliage and flower. Restricted to dry hillsides around Penrose, CO.  3"(5") x 8"  Sun, Xeric  $code A (Photo)
A Mediterranean form of blue flax that is longer lived and fuller than our native species.  This robust plant forms dense mounds of nearly evergreen foliage covered with deep sky blue flowers for months.  A Plant Select® Recommendation for 2013.  12”(15”) x 15”  Sun, Part Shade  $code A* (Photo)

- (Brassicaceae) An exciting new introduction from the mountains of Turkey. The compact mounds of long, gray-pubescent leaves are covered with abundant umbels of fragrant, yellow-eyed, lavender-pink flowers on stout 2” stems.  3”(5”) x 6”  Sun  $code A*  (Photo)

MINUARTIA - (Caryophyllaceae)  Cushion forming plants similar in character to Arenaria.  Native to the alpine regions of Asia, Europe and North America,  most are of easy culture and provide interesting foliage and prolific bloom from spring to early summer.

M. laricifolia - NEW Mats of needle-like foliage bearing small white flowers in spring. An excellent species to use in crevices. Maritime Alps  4" x 10"  Sun, Part Shade $code A (Photo)

MOLTKIA petraea - (Boraginaceae)  A spectacular, highly-branched sub shrub forming a gradually increasing mounded mat of blue-green foliage and  producing numerous 4" flowering stems topped with clusters of dark sky-blue flowers.  Very drought tolerant.  Albania to Dalmatia  3"(6") x 8"  Sun, Xeric  $code A* (Photo)

OENOTHERA - (Onagraceae) A large and widely distributed group of species in the Western Hemisphere. Often referred to as ’evening primroses’, they encompass a wide range of forms with a number of very nice plants and many that are of little horticultural interest. Most are very drought tolerant and easy to grow.
O. fremontii ’Lemon Silver’ -  An excellent selection with large, broadly lanceolate, silver-green foliage and spectacular, large lemon-yellow flowers that glow in the afternoon and evening light from early summer to frost. The flowers are followed by large four-winged fruits.  4” x 24”  Sun, Xeric  $code A  (Photo)

OPUNTIA - (Cactaceae)  The second largest genus of cactus with the most extensive north-south distribution in the family.  The plants are composed of numerous jointed cylindrical stems or flat pads that are generally heavily armed with long spines that arise from a small circle of small spines called glochids.  In some cases, only the glochids are present.  Many of the species and cultivars produce spectacular floral displays and are very popular in xeriscape gardens.
O. debreczyi v. denuda 'Potato' - Globe-shaped, spherical stems with short glochids and occasional yellow flowers.  The stems turn shades of  purple in winter.  Ideal for rock gardens. Colorado Plateau into south-central Wyoming  3" x 12"  Sun, Xeric  $code A* (Photo)

OSTEOSPERMUM - (Asteraceae)  A group of South African composites with attractive green to gray-green foliage and very showy flowers. Most are not hardy in colder climates but the cultivars offered here have flourished in our Zone 5 and have developed into magnificent specimens.
O. 'Avalanche' 'PP22,705 (Avalanche White Sun Daisy)   - Dazzling white flowers with a gold-metallic backing are produced from April through summer over glistening mats of lustrous, nearly succulent, evergreen foliage.  It has greater disease resistance and heavier summer bloom than the other hardy sun daisies.  A spectacular addition to the sunny border or xeriscape.  A Plant Select® Introduction for 2011.  South Africa  4"(8") x 12"  Sun, Part Shade  $code A* (Photo)

OTHONNA capensis - (Asteraceae) This succulent composite forms mounds of fat, cylindrical, blue-green leaves and bright yellow flowers on thin 2" stems. Flowers appear from spring through fall to make a grand display in the rockery. A must for the succulent fancier. South Africa  2"(4") x 6"  Sun  $code A  (Photo)

OXYTROPIS - (Fabaceae) A group of marvelous dry land plants, much like Astragalus, with pinnate leaves and heads of pea flowers. Most require xeric treatment and make excellent trough subjects.

O. multiceps - Silvery mounds of small, lanceolate leaves adorned in spring with bright pink flowers followed by white calyxes that inflate as the seed develops. An outstanding trough plant.. Wyoming native  2” x 6”  Sun, Xeric  $code A  (Photo)

O. podocarpa  -  An outstanding and challenging alpine from the Mosquito Range in Colorado.  The green fern-like foliage pads produce sessile, satiny purple flowers followed by mottled, bubble-like seedpods.  Choice  1”(1.5") x 6”  Sun, Alpine  $code A* (Photo)
O. splendens - Erect clumps of whorled, pubescent, silver leaves and woolly heads of pink flowers. Park County, CO  4”(6”) x 4”  Sun, Alpine  $code A  (Photo)

PENSTEMON - (Scrophulariaceae) From the American West, Penstemons are the work horses of the xeriscape or native garden, providing substance, shape and long-lasting color. They're also adored by hummingbirds and butterflies.
P. alamosensis - Beautiful evergreen rosettes of large, blue-gray leaves and tall stems of brilliant coral-red tubular flowers. A beautiful specimen for the xeric garden in or out of flower. A rare endemic from the mountains of southern New Mexico. 3"(15") x 8"  Sun, Xeric  $code A  (Photo)
P. arenicola - Very similar to Penstemon nitidus with dense spikes of glowing, sky-blue flowers atop nice rosettes of glaucous foliage. One of the first to flower in early spring. Wyoming 3”(6”) x 6”  Sun, Trough  $code A* (Photo)
P. aridus
- One of the smaller Penstemons, forming tidy mats of dark-green leaves and 4” stems of attractive blue flowers. Makes an excellent trough subject!
1”(5”) x 4” Sun, Trough $code A (Photo)
P. laricifolius v. laricifolius  - Very floriferous species with grass-like linear green foliage and numerous stiff, thin flowering stems of pinkish-purple flowers.  Excellent trough plant!  Fremont CO,. WY  2”(6”) x 4”  Sun, Trough  $code A*  (Photo) 
P. mensarum (Grand Mesa Beardtongue)- Attractive mats of evergreen foliage and stunning cobalt blue spikes in early spring that last for nearly two months.  The foliage turns a lovely orange-red in winter. An outstanding species restricted to the mountains of Western Colorado.  A Plant Select® Recommendation for 2011  8”(20") x 12”  Sun, Part Shade  $code A*  (Photo)
P. nitidus
-  Spectacular displays in earliest spring with many flowered spikes of aquamarine atop blue-gray leaves. An indispensable member of the early spring garden and marvelous companion for early spring bulbs.  Wyoming, Montana  4"(8") x 6"  Sun, Xeric, Trough  $code A  (Photo)

P. paysoniorum  - A nice dwarf species with glabrous, gray-green foliage and several stems of abundant small blue flowers.  A good plant for the dry rock garden.  SW Wyoming  6" x 6"  Sun  $code A (Photo)

P. pseudospectabilis (Desert Beardtongue) -   A large species with dark green toothed leaves that clasp the base and become disk-like on the upper parts of the stem.  The flowers are glandular and pink to rose-pink.  A great plant for the large dry garden. A Plant Select® Recommendation for 2015.  Catron Co., NM  8"(20") x 10"  Sun, Xeric  $code A  (Photo)

P. montanus v. idahoensis - NEW Dense spikes of large lavender flowers above mats of green-blue hairy foliage. An endemic to central Idaho. Valley Co., ID 4"(7") x 8" Sun $code A*

P. montanus v. montanus - NEW Mats of glandular,blue-green, toothed foliage adorned with large, up-facing, deep lavender flowers. Custer Co., ID 4"(5") x 8" Sun, Alpine $code A* (Photo)
P. superbus -  Attractive blue-green foliage rosettes and tall spikes of coral-red flowers. New Mexico, Arizona  4”(12”) x 8”  Sun  $code A*  (Photo)
P. superbus (Pink Form) - Glaucous foliage and tall stems of bright dark-pink flowers. Makes quite a statement in the late spring garden!  6”(24”) x 8”  Sun  $code A  (Photo)

P. uintahensis - NEW Leathery rosettes of dark-green linear-spathulate foliage and numerous short stems of very attractive sky-blue flowers. Large enough to be effective in the rock garden yet small enough to use as the centerpiece in a partly shaded trough. One of the easiest of the smaller species to grow and flower. Uintah Co., UT 2"(5") x 6"  Sun, Part Shade $code A (Photo) 


PHYSARIA - (Brassicaceae)  A spectacular group of of plants often referred to as  ‘bladderpods’.  They form rosettes of broad silver-gray leaves and produce stems of yellow to white flowers that radiate from the base of the rosette. After flowering, inflated seed pods develop, providing an interesting display throughout the summer. All require full sun and good drainage

P. chambersii   - RENEW Compact rosettes of silver-green leaves and clusters of bright yellow flowers followed by large, tan, angular inflated seed pods.  The surface of the leaves sparkle from a dense covering of disc-shaped hairs.  A native of Garfield County, Utah, this is one of the more compact Physarias. 2”(3") x 4”  Sun, Xeric  $ code A (Photo)

P. newberryi -  RENEW  Attractive silver-gray rosettes and clouds of nice yellow flowers.  Coconino Co., WY  2” x 4”  Sun  $code A (Photo)


PTEROCEPHALUS depressus - (Caprifoliaceae)  Attractive congested mats of  crinkled evergreen foliage and attractive, stemless, scabiosa-like mauve flowers.  The flowers are followed by fuzzy, fawn-brown seed heads.  Turkey  Sun  2” x 12”  $code A* (Photo)

- (Aizoaceae)  This genus of succulent plants is native to South Africa.  The plants form compact mounds of rosettes with sickle-shaped leaves that arise from thick tuberous roots.  A number of the species in this group have proven to be some of the most winter hardy of the South African succulents.  
R. albipuncta - One of the most winter hardy of the South African succulents,  forming hard pads of dark green triangular leaves that are covered in early spring with spectacular 1.5” glowing yellow flowers.  Easy to grow if given good drainage and full sun.  2” x 6”  Sun, Xeric  $code A* (Photo)

- (Crassulaceae ) A useful group of plants forming mounds of succulent rosettes of small leaves with interesting variations of color and texture. All perform well in a variety of settings, but are best displayed when planted among rocks or in crevices. In parts of the country where sunlight is intense, provide filtered shade at least during the afternoon and/or plant on an E to NE exposure.
R. muratdaghensis - Succulent mounds of light green rosettes tinged with red on the edges when grown in strong light. Nice cream flowers.  2"(4") x 6"  Sun, Part Shade  $code A  (Photo)
R. persica - This rarely offered species  from western Asia forms compact mounds of succulent green rosettes and stems of white flowers.  Iran, Lebanon, Syria  2”(4”) x 3”  Sun, Part Shade  $code A* (Photo)
R. sempervivum  - Robust, glossy-green rosettes and stems of attractive pink flowers.  Caucasus to Asia Minor  2”(5”) x 6”  Sun, Part Shade  $code A (Photo) 
R. sempervivum v. glaucophylla - An outstanding variety with blue-green rosettes and stems of pure white flowers. 2”(5”) x 6” Sun, Part Shade $code A (Photo)


- (Lamiaceae) Members of this group of 'sages' are very useful in providing color to the garden from late spring through summer and into fall.. The aromatic foliage provides interesting shape and texture and large tubular two-lipped flowers are produced in whorls along the tall flower spikes. Most require little water and are easily grown.
S. dorrii - Extremely aromatic silver foliage and glowing purple flowers. This ‘purple sage’ of the American West makes a very striking specimen in the xeric garden.  8"(12") x 12"  Sun, Xeric  $code A*  (Photo)
S. jurisicii - This unusual Salvia forms a dense bush of ferny hirsute foliage and produces deep-blue spikes of flowers for much of the summer.  E. Europe  10”(15”) x 15”  Sun  $code A (Photo)
S. pachyphylla (Mojave Sage) - An exciting introduction from the mountains of California! This shrubby perennial is much like S. dorrii but larger in all aspects. The intensely aromatic, evergreen , silver-green leaves set off persistent mauve bracts surrounding small blue flowers. Flowering from June to frost. A Plant Select® Introduction for 2005. Spectacular!  30” x 30”  Sun  $code A* (Photo)
S. phlomoides -  An extremely attractive species from Morocco, forming rosettes of tomentose, gray-green foliage and impressive spires of purple flowers.  3”(12”) x 6”  Sun  $code A* (Photo)


SCABIOSA silenifolia - (Dipsacaceae) NEW Dwarf compact cushions of gray-green pinnate foliage and big solitary lilac-blue flowers. Vranica Planina, Bosnia/Herzegovina 2"(4") x 6" Sun, Part Shade $code A* (Photo)

SCROPHULARIA macrantha (Red Birds in a Tree)
- (Scrophulariaceae) An outstanding and versatile perennial with dark-green, serrated leaves and glowing dark-red flowers on a sub-shrub that continues to expand from the base. The flowers look like 'Red Birds in a Tree'.  A Plant Select® Introduction for 2008. 12”(24”) x 12”  Sun  $code A  (Photo)

SCUTELLARIA - (Lamiaceae) Known commonly as ’skullcaps’, these cosmopolitan herbs provide a number of attractive rock garden species. Their bright flowers and attractive foliage are always a welcome addition.

S. orientalis ssp. sosnovskyi  -   NEW Compact buns of tomentose, pinnate foliage and covered in spring attractive yellow flowers. Similar to ssp. pinnatifida but with larger flowers. Spikor Dag, Turkey     2” (3”) x 8”  Sun  $code A* (Photo)

S. resinosa - An outstanding Great Plains native which forms a miniature shrub of small, gray-green, rounded leaves. In early summer, the upper portions of the stems are covered with blue-purple flowers with two prominent white guidelines on the flaring lower lip. Don’t be without this one!  8” x 8”  Sun  $code A  (Photo)

SEDUM - (Crassulaceae) A large genus of succulent plants with an amazing variety of shapes and sizes. They perform well as groundcovers, crevice plants and the larger species make attractive individual specimens. The winter hardy species are tough and easy to grow and many are quite drought tolerant.
S. cauticola ‘Lidakense’ - 
One of the best fall blooming sedums, forming attractive mounds of glaucous, purplish-gray foliage and gorgeous deep pink flowers. 3”(5”) x 8”  Sun, Part Shade  $code A  (Photo)
S. obtusifolium - This outstanding species forms prostrate mats of dark green rosettes that are evergreen.  In spring, short flowering stems of light red flowers are produced as the rosettes elongate. After flowering, the flowering stems persist and turn an attractive dark brown. The rosettes return in late summer and continue to be decorated by the flowering stems, producing an intriguing specimen in the fall and winter. Outstanding! 1” (4”) x 6”  Sun, Part Shade  $code A (Photo)

S. sediforme (TURQUOISE TAILS BLUE SEDUM) -  A robust and compact heirloom species native to the Mediterranean with succulent blue foliage and creamy-yellow flower.  A Plant Select® Introduction for 2013.  3”(6”) x 12”  Sun, Xeric  $code A* (Photo)

SIDERITUS phlomoides  - (Lamiaceae)  NEW Compact cushions of grey, lanate  foliage and nice spikes of yellow flowers with brown centers. Dedegol Dag, Turkey  3” (8”) x 8”  Sun  $code A* (Photo)

SILENE - (Caryophyllaceae) Summer -blooming plants for the sunny rock garden. The frequently notched or cut five petaled flowers of white, pink or red are carried on short stems which arise from a fleshy root stalk.

 S. lacineata -  Rosettes of light-green lanceolate leaves produce 14" flowering stems of starry red-orange flowers all summer.  4"(14") x 6"  Sun, Part Shade  $ code A (Photo)


STENOTUS acaulis  - (Asteraceae)  RENEW A very attractive and durable species, forming compact cushions of rigid narrow dark green prickly leaves. The bright yellow flowers rise on short stems above the congested mats. Lookout Mtn., WY 1”(2”) x 6”  Sun  $code A (Photo)


STOMATIUM  -  (Aizoiceae)  An interesting genus of South African succulent plants  that form mats of variously textured and toothed foliage.  The narrow- petaled yellow flowers appear in late afternoon and evening.  They have proven to be remarkably cold hardy, performing well at least down to Zone 5.

S. agninum - A very attractive foliage plant, forming tight mats of dull-green, roughened, green-dotted, rhomboidal leaves. Light yellow flowers, but seldom flowers. Very hardy.  South Africa 1.5” x 5”  Sun, Xeric  $code A*  (Photo)

S. mustillinum - A very hardy South African succulent forming mats of tightly spaced gray-green leaves roughened with many minute dots. Attractive yellow flowers with many narrow petals open in late afternoon. One of the easiest of the South Africans to grow in cold climates. 1” x 6”  Sun, Xeric  $code A  (Photo)


TALINUM- (Portulacaceae) Another Lewisia relative with fleshy cylindrical leaves growing from a thick stem or root stalk. The bright white, pink or magenta flowers with golden stamens open in the afternoon and can be caespitose or carried on tall thin stems. All will thrive in poor, sandy soil in full sun.
T. brevifolium - Compact clumps of sausage-shaped, opalescent leaves covered with large bright pink flowers in summer. One of the best!  Utah  1” x 4”  Sun  $code A (Photo)

T. spinescens- A miniature of T. calycinum, forming more condensed mounds with the same hot magenta flowers. Makes a excellent trough specimen.  2"(5") x 5"  Sun, Xeric, Trough  $code A*  (Photo)


TANACETUM armenum - (Asteraceae) NEW A dwarf subshrub with aromatic, silvery-green foliage and solitary white flowers. Sultan Dag, Turkey 3"(5") x 8" Sun $code A (Photo)

TEUCRIUM - (Lamaceae)  A large group of herbs, shrubs and sub shrubs of wide distribution, especially in the Mediterranean region.  Most have attractive, aromatic foliage, attractive flowers and are generally quite drought tolerant. 
T. aroanium - Mats of attractive, silver foliage and large soft lavender flowers.  This is the true species and much different from the plant that is commonly in the trade.  Greece  2" x 12"  $code A* (Photo)

TOWNSENDIA- (Asteraceae) These condensed asters are often called “Easter Daisies” because they flower so early in the spring. Most have large caespitose flowers of white, pink or lavender and form mounds of linear leaves from green to silver. Most require a well drained soil in full sun. No garden should be without a good selection of these wonderful plants.
T. ‘Jeane’s Purple’ - An exceptional plant with dark gray-green foliage and nice purple flowers.  Excellent trough plant.  1” x 2”  Sun, Part Shade, Trough  $code A  (Photo)

T. spathulata 'Pryor' -  This form from the Pryor Mountains of Montana is probably  the type species for T. spathulata.  The tight mounds of tomentose silver-white foliage are adorned in early spring with small pale-lilac flowers.  Carbon Co., MT  1" x 3"  Sun, Trough  $code A* (Photo)

T. spathulata 'Cottonball' - Here is another unique species from the Pryor Mountains of Montana given to me by plantsman Brian Wetzelbaugh.  The rosettes of silver leaves are completely hidden under an intense covering of silver hairs that break only when the light pinkish-purple flowers emerge.  Surprisingly, this plant seems to be more easily grown than other T. spathulata.  2" x 2"  Sun, Xeric  $code A* (Picture)

– (Scrophulariaceae) A large group of herbs native to Asia and Europe, primarily the Mediterranean. Most are large summer flowering plants that provide excellent vertical accents in gardens large enough to accommodate them.
V. bombyciferum -  The most spectacular of the large Verbascums, forming large, light gray, woolly rosettes and tall woolly flowering spikes of yellow flowers. Very drought tolerant. 10”(48”) x 20”  Sun, Xeric  $code A (Photo)

VERONICA - (Scrophulariaceae) There are many forms of ‘speedwell’ from small mat- formers to larger more erect plants that bear flowers on tall stems. Most are easy to grow and thrive in sunny settings where only the hardiest will grow.
V. cf. aphylla - NEW Pubescent,, green rosettes of attractive, oval foliage producing single stems of light-blue flowers with darker nerve patterns. Central & Southern Europe, Alpine .5"(2") x 4" Part Shade $code A (Photo)
V. 'Reavis' (CRYSTAL RIVER® Veronica) - This excellent groundcover is a hybrid between V. liwanensis and V. pectinata. Much like V. liwanensis in leaf and flower but slightly larger and more vigorous. Tiny blue flowers appear in a solid mass in spring, with scattered blooms throughout the season. A Plant Select® Introduction for 2003.  3” x 24”  Sun, Part Shade  $code A  (Photo)
V. liwanensis (Turkish Veronica) - Mats of small, glossy green leaves covered in spring with clusters of showy blue flowers. One of the best ground covering plants available!  A Plant Select® Introduction in 1997.  1” x 12”  Sun, Part Shade  $code A  (Photo)
V. oltensis - Another great miniature Veronica from the high mountains of Turkey. The creeping mats of dark-green, pinnate leaves are covered with azure-blue flowers in spring. Relatively slow growing, this plant works well in crevices in the xeric garden.  .5” x 12”  Sun, Xeric  $code A (Photo)

YUCCA - (Liliaceae)  Yuccas are one of the signature plants in the western xeriscape garden.  Succulent and evergreen, they provide a strong sculptural accent throughout the seasons with striking foliage and magnificent flowers.  There are many species, varying in size from 10' giants to cute 8" miniatures.  A surprising number are quite cold hardy.
Y. angustissima - Attractive rosettes of long, narrow leaves lined with filament hairs and tall spikes of cream flowers.  Mesa Co., CO  18"(36") x 16"  Sun, Xeric  $code A* (Photo) 
Y. aff. angustissima - This attractive small yucca was found growing at 8000' near San Luis, Colorado.  The numerous, narrow light green leaves are generously decorated with white hairs that curl away from the edge of the leaf.  Very cute and very hardy.  6"(12") x 6"  Sun, Xeric  $code A* (Photo)

ZAUSCHNERIA- (Onagraceae) This genus contains some of the most spectacular xeric plants for the dryland rockery. They form upright or creeping green to silver-leafed shrubs that in late summer erupt in a blaze of pink or red tubular flowers which are very attractive to hummingbirds. These plants provide the much needed splash of red in the yellow domination of fall, and the color lasts even past the first frost. In colder areas, these plants are root hardy and the dead foliage should not be removed until spring when new growth begins. They are best planted in spring or early summer.
Z. californica ‘Etteri’ -  This form has a more prostrate habit with narrow, silver-green leaves and nice red flowers. This form also blooms a little earlier for us, beginning in late July.  12” x 20”  Sun, Xeric  $code A (Photo)
Z. californica ‘Wayne’s Select’ - A great new addition with fantastic silver foliage and muted scarlet flowers. Spreads more slowly then most. 18” x 20”         Sun, Xeric  $code A* (Photo)